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Personlighetstrekk & Big 5

 

Appealing to an extravert

  • Appreciate the enthusiasm, energy and outright excitement that an extravert brings to the relationship.
  • It's difficult or impossible to praise an extravert too much. Compliment your extravert partner often - as well as out loud and in front of other people.
  • Understand that an extraverts desire to share personal news with lots of people doesn't mean that s/he doesn't love or rely on you immensly. It's just the extraverts nature to spread any story far and wide.
  • Keep in mind that an extravert figures things out by talking. The thoughts s/he verbalizes are often more like a first draft than a final report. Dont expect pearls of wisdom right off the bat.

Definisjoner

  • Think of extroverts as possessing a sort of radar that they turn outward to constantly scan their environment.
  • Extroverts naturally ask themselves: "How do I relate to other people and beings?"
  • "Like most extroverts, especially younger ones, Tammy found just being in the same room with other people was more comfertable than being alone".
  • Extraverts are notorius for trying to get their introverted friends, coworkers, spouses or children involved in activities they would rather avoid.
  • Extraverts prefer to know a little of a lot of things.
  • An extrovert doesn't explore any one issue in great depth.
  • "If you don't know what an extrovert is thinking, you haven't been listening, because he'll tell you."
  • 50% av US befolkning
  • extraverts

    Are activated by stimulus from the environment.

    Prefer interactive learning with classmates or teacher.

    Like to talk while thinking through something.

    Like to experience something even before hearing the rationale.

    Tend to have shorter attention spans.

    Prefer talking or action.

  • extraverts

    Want to turn outward and work out differences by talking about them right away or by taking immediate action.

    May assume silence means agreement— or disagreement.

  • Conflicts:
    Extraverts often move in toward the other group while the Introverts move back or put more distance between themselves and the other group..
  • MBTI defnition of extroversion:
    I like getting my energy from active involvement in events and having a lot of different activities.
    I’m excited when I’m around people and I like to energize other people.
    I like moving into action and making things happen.
    I generally feel at home in the world.
    I often understand a problem better when I can talk out loud about it and hear what others have to say.

    The following statements generally apply to me:

    • I am seen as “outgoing” or as a “people person.”
    • I feel comfortable in groups and like working in them.
    • I have a wide range of friends and know lots of people.
    • I sometimes jump too quickly into an activity and don’t allow enough time to think it over.
    • Before I start a project, I sometimes forget to stop and get clear on what I want to do and why.
  • 16 personality types.com' definition:
    • People with a preference for Extraversion draw energy from an external world of interaction and doing.
    • They tend to act first, then reflect, then act further.
    • Tend to prefer to communicate by talking.
    • Often considered good talkers.
    • Inactivity, thought and reflection tends to lead to a decline in energy and motivation, requiring interaction with people and things to recharge.
    • You might like to think of people who have a preference for Extraversion like solar panels, soaking up energy from the outside world
  • Cyberphysics.co.uk:
    • Extroverts tend to be activist/pragmatist
  • Wikipedia:
    • Energetic extroverts have been linked to preferences in happy, upbeat and conventional music, as well as energetic and rhythmic music, such as rap, hip hop, soul, electronic, and dance music.[9][11]
    • Additionally, extraverts tend to listen to music more and have background music present in their lives more often
    • Cheerful music with fast tempos, many melodic themes, and vocals are also preferred by extroverts.[12][10][21]
    • They are more likely than others to listen to music in the background while doing other activities, such as running, being with friends, or studying.[29][6][9]
    • This group also tends to use music to counter the monotony of everyday tasks, such as ironing.[6] I
    • n a Turkish study, researchers found that extroverts preferred rock, pop, and rap because these genres facilitated dance and movement.

      Another study examined music teachers and music therapists, assuming that people who like and study music would be more extroverted.

    • The results showed that music teachers were definitely higher in extraversion than the general public.

    • Music therapists were also higher on extraversion than introversion, though they scored significantly lower than the teachers.[32]

    • Differences can probably be attributed to teaching being a profession more dependent on extraversion.

  • Great minds don't think alike's definition:
    • Mental energy is gained by using time in the outer world of action and interaction.
  • MENTI models definition:
    • Extraverted individuals prefer group activities, think while speaking, get energized by social interaction.
  • Wikipedias definition:
    • an attitude type characterised by concentration of interest on the external object
    • Extroversion is "the act, state, or habit of being predominantly concerned with obtaining gratification from what is outside the self".[4]
    • Extroverts tend to enjoy human interactions and to be enthusiastic, talkative, assertive, and gregarious.
    • Extroverts are energized and thrive off of being around other people.
    • They take pleasure in activities that involve large social gatherings, such as parties, community activities, public demonstrations, and business or political groups.
    • An extroverted person is likely to enjoy time spent with people and find less reward in time spent alone.
    • They tend to be energized when around other people, and they are more prone to boredom when they are by themselves.

Science:

  • A University of Texas study found that those who define themselves as dog people are more extroverted
  • PET scans have shown extraverts as different from introverts and they have higher dopamine levels
  • Evening people” are slightly more extroverted.
  • Twin studies have found a genetic component of 39% to 58%
  • Extroversion has been linked to higher sensitivity of the mesolimbic dopamine system to potentially rewarding stimuli.[19] This in part explains the high levels of positive affect found in extroverts, since they will more intensely feel the excitement of a potential reward. One consequence of this is that extroverts can more easily learn the contingencies for positive reinforcement, since the reward itself is experienced as greater.
  • Extroverts have more blood flow in the anterior cingulate gyrus, temporal lobes, and posterior thalamus, which are involved in sensory and emotional experience
  • studies have found correlations between greater volume in the left prefrontal cortex and extraversion
  • Further research reveals that extroverted, sociable people are slightly more likely to lie.
  • According to one study, extroverts tend to wear more decorative clothing
  • Extroverts are more likely to prefer more upbeat, conventional, and energetic music than introverts.[24]
  • In general, extroverts decorate their offices more, keep their doors open, keep extra chairs nearby, and are more likely to put dishes of candy on their desks. These are attempts to invite co-workers and encourage interaction.
  • Researchers have found a correlation between extroversion and self-reported happiness. That is, more extroverted people tend to report higher levels of happiness than introverts.[26][27]
    Other research has shown that being instructed to act in an extroverted manner leads to increases in positive affect, even for people who are trait-level introverts.
  • other studies have found that extroverts tend to report higher levels of self-esteem than introverts
  • according to Carl Jung, extraverts tend to be oblivious to psychological needs and problems because they focus more on the outer world
  • extroverted youths are more likely to engage in delinquent behavior.
  • people who emigrate from islands to the mainland tend to be more extroverted than people that stay on islands, and those that immigrate to islands. 
  • An influential review article concluded that personality, specifically extroversion and emotional stability, was the best predictor of subjective well-being.
    • As examples, Argyle and Lu (1990)[46] found that the trait of extroversion, as measured by Extroversion Scale of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), was positively and significantly correlated with happiness, as measured by the Oxford Happiness Inventory.
    • Using the same happiness and extroversion scales, Hills and Argyle (2001)[47] found that happiness was again significantly correlated with extroversion.
    • Also, the study by Emmons and Diener (1986)[48] showed that extroversion correlates positively and significantly with positive affect but not with negative affect.
      Similar results were found in a large longitudinal study by Diener, Sandvik, Pavot, and Fujita (1992),[49] which assessed 14,407 participants from 100 areas of continental United States. 
      Furthermore, Larsen and Ketelaar (1991)[51] showed that extroverts respond more to positive affect than to negative affect, since they exhibit more positive-affect reactivity to the positive-affect induction, yet they do not react more negatively to the negative-affect induction.
    • Therefore, if a person shows positive emotions of enthusiasm, energy, and excitement, that person is seen favorably by others and he or she gains others' attention. This favorable reaction from others likely encourages extroverts to engage in further extroverted behavior.[61] Ashton , Lee, and Paunonen's (2002)[61] study showed that their measure of social attention, the Social Attention Scale, was much more highly correlated with extroversion than were measures of reward sensitivity.

Emotions:

  • Extroverts' emotions are easier to read.

Conflicts:

  • Want to turn outward and work out differences by talking about them right away or by taking immediate action.

  • May assume silence means agreement— or disagreement.

Undertemaer:

MBTI E - extrovert - Unikt

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